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Timeline of Enos A. Mills
This is a general timeline of events in Enos A. Mills' life.
For more information, we also have our
Brief History of Enos A. Mills.
1870: Enos Abijah Mills born, April 22, to Enos and Ann Mills, Linn County, Kansas.
1884: Enos leaves Kansas for Estes Park, Colorado. Takes a job at Elkhorn Lodge.
1885: Climbs Long's Peak for the first time. Begins building his homestead across the valley from the Long's Peak House.
1886: Works with cousin Carlyle Lamb on Long's Peak Trail. Completes homestead.
1887: Makes first solo climb of Long's Peak. October, moves to Butte, Montana, to work at Anaconda Copper Mine for the winter. His winters until 1900 are generally spent in Butte.
1889: Travels to San Francisco. Meets John Muir. They become life-long friends.
1890: Enrolls briefly in Heald's Business College in San Francisco.
1891: January, gives very first talk on forestry in San Francisco. Gives up bookkeeping for adventuring, guiding and mining.
1892: Visits Alaska.
1895: Makes a successful forestry address in Kansas City.
1896-7: (winter) Works mines at Victor and Cripple Creek, Colorado.
1897: Begins writing articles on Estes Park for other newspapers.
1900: (May) Leaves Butte. (June) Gives forestry talk in Chicago. (June) Leaves for extended trip through Europe with Rev. Elkanah Lamb. While there, learns of forest fire on slopes of Long's Peak.
1901: Negotiates purchase of Long's Peak House from Carlyle Lamb.
1902: Gets a border collie puppy and names him Scotch.
1902: First major magazine article published in Outdoor Life.
1903: Adopts two orphaned grizzly cubs and names them Johnny and Jenny. Later that year they are taken to the Denver Zoo, as finding someone to care for them in his absence is problematic.
1903: (Feb) Makes winter climb of Long's Peak, is the first person to decend East Face in winter. Also crosses Continental Divide over Flattop Trail to Grand Lake, formerly thought impassable in winter.
1903: Spends first winter as Colorado Snow Observer, a job for the USDA that lasts three winters.
1903: F.O. Stanley and wife Flora move to Estes Park. Stanley eventually becomes one of Enos' most steadfast local allies in the creation of Rocky Mountain National Park and lifelong family friend.
1903: (Oct) Visits Mesa Verde. Compiles data for "The Story of a Thousand Year Pine."
1904: Changes name of Long's Peak House to Long's Peak Inn.
1905: Self-publishes "The Story of Estes Park and Guide Book"
1905: (autumn) Gives talks in six major cities on forestry, all at own expense.
1906: Spends his last summer guiding on Long's Peak, a job he began in his teens.
1906: (June) Enos recieves telegram that Long's Peak Inn has burnt to the ground. He rebuilds it from fire-killed timbers and is open by July 4th of the same summer.
1906: F.O. Stanley and C.H. Bond create the Estes Park Protective and Improvement Association, of which Enos is a member.
1907: (summer) Hires Shep Husted as principle guide on Long's Peak for Long's Peak Inn. Begins noting theories for nature guiding (now called Interpretation).
1907-1909: Holds post of Government Lecturer on Forestry, appointed by Gifford Pinchot.
1908: Opens Timberline Cabin on Long's Peak Trail.
1908: Resigns his position as Agent with the Forestry Service, Government Lecturer on Forestry.
1909: Moves from his homestead to a cabin at Long's Peak Inn, though still occasionally uses the homestead.
1909: Post Office established at Long's Peak Inn, Enos is postmaster.
1909: "Wild Life on the Rockies" published.
1909: Begins plans for a nature preserve in the Estes Park region, which later becomes Rocky Mountain National Park. Resisted heavily by the Forest Service for the next six years.
1910: Scotch killed in accident with road-builders.
1911: "The Spell of the Rockies" published.
1912: (point of note) Estes Park recieves 30,000 tourists.
1913: "In Beaver World" published.
1913: Enos revives "See America First" slogan in lobbying and campaigning for the creation of parks.
1914: (point of note) Estes Park recieves over 55,000 tourists.
1914: December 24, John Muir passes away.
1915: (January) Rocky Mountain National Park established. (September) Enos gives keynote speech at dedication.
1915: "The Rocky Mountain Wonderland" published.
1916: National Park Service established.
1916: Esther Burnell arrives in Estes Park and decides to homestead.
1916: "The Story of Scotch" published.
1917: Begins fighting monopolistic concessions in national parks.
1917: "Your National Parks" published.
1917: Esther Burnell and sister Elizabeth employed at Long's Peak Inn as guides. Esther becomes first licensed Nature Guide licensed by the National Park Service.
1918: August 12, Enos and Esther are married in the doorway of his homestead.
1919: "The Grizzly: Our Greatest Wild Animal" published.
1919: April 27, Enos and Esther's daughter, Enda, is born at their home at Long's Peak Inn.
1919: Rocky Mountain Parks Transportation Company of Estes Park granted exclusive transportation concession in Rocky Mountain National Park, inhibiting other transportation inside the national park.
1920: "The Adventures of a Nature Guide" published.
1920: (December) Enos travels to more than seven major midwestern cities to fight monopolies in national parks.
1921: "Waiting in the Wilderness" published.
1921: (October) Enos tours Texas for two weeks to help interested parties seek areas for the creation of state parks. Gives several talks in Texas.
1921: (November) Enos travels to Los Angeles and San Diego to fight monopolies in national parks.
1922: (January) Enos travels to New York to fight monopolies, injured in a subway accident.
1922: (February) On the way home, Enos contracts the flu. Recovers somewhat in time for the summer season at Long's Peak Inn.
1922: "Watched by Wild Animals" published.
1922: September 21, Enos passes away in bed in his cabin at Long's Peak Inn.
1923: "Wild Animal Homesteads" published.